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Chinese Character

Do you know the evolvement history of Chinese characters and how to Learn Chinese characters?
Labels: study Chinese, Chinese, mandarin, Chinese Character
 

Evolvement of Chinese Characters

 
Sun 日
Moon 月
Car 车
Horse 马
 
Oracle Bone Script 甲骨文
Inscriptions on bronze 金文
Seal Script 小篆
Clerical Script 隶书
Regular Script 楷书
Cursive Script 草书
Semi-Cursive Script 行书
 
Dates Dynasty of China Characters
2000-1500 B.C. Xia Oracle Bone Script
1700-1027 B.C. Shang Oracle Bone Script
1027-221 B.C. Zhou Inscriptions on bronze
221-207 B.C. Qin Seal Script / Clerical Script
206 B.C.-Now Han - Now Regular Script / Cursive Script / Semi-Cursive Script
 
Notes:
Seal Script was created by Li Si, Prime Minister, at early time of Qin Dynasty. Qin unified the whole China, so a united script is necessary.
 
 
 

How to Learn Chinese Character?

 
1, There is generally a story or historical story behind every Chinese character. Once you know and remember the story, it is easy to remember how to read and write character.
2, Learn basic and simple characters as components at first. Most of characters are composed by these basic components.
3, Most of basic and simple characters structure has very close relation with meaning of the characters, not with pronunciation of the characters. It is a very important difference point from English, French and the other spelling languages.
 
Examples: Woman 女, Son 子, Elephant 象, Image 像
 
4, Learn more about evolution of Chinese character. It is very helpful to know and remember Chinese characters.
Based on Evolution Method 2, origin of Chinese characters is from
1) 声 Sound: of cry, laugh, twitter...
Examples: 鹅 - e2; 鸡 - ji1; 鸭 - ya1; 猫 - mao1 (All from cry of animals)
Examples: 哈 - ha, 喔 - wo, 嘘 - xu, 哎唷 - ai you (All from different emotion of human beings)
2) 形 shape: more similar to graph and marks of life.
Examples: "审(审)→宀番→宀采田" ; "番" means footprint of wild animals (田 means field), so 审 means 'censor', the meaning is from censoring footprint of wild animals in field.
3) 象 Components: complex characters are composed by basic characters based nature theory.
Examples: "明→日月" ; 日 (sun) plus 月 (moon) is 明 (bright)
Examples: "旦→日一" ; 日 (sun) plus 一 (horizon) is 旦 (dawn, Sun just rises above horizon)
4) 数 Numbers: some are from "book of changes"
Examples: "噪→口喿→口品木" ; 口 (mouth → cry), 木 (wood → tree), 品 (3 birds are crying); 噪 (chirp → confusion of voices → 3 birds are crying on a tree)
5) 理 Extending: deeper meanings.
Examples: "猫→犭苗→犭艹田" ; 猫 (cat). From 2,000 B.C, Chinese people trained cat to protect plant from field mouse. 犭(animals), 艹 (grass), 田 (field), "艹 plus 田" is "苗". 苗 (seedling) was extended to "person with ability". 猫 is from cry "mao" and also from "animal with ability".
 
5, Sequence of character strokes is necessary to remember. Strokes Sequence can help us to remember the structure and feature of every character.
         
 
 
 
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